Libya: the land of infinite variety and contrast

So it was necessary for Prof. Stakhov's destiny that since February, 1995 he appeared in Libya and began to work at the Computer Engineering Department of the greatest Libyan University, the University Al Fateh. And we begin this section of our Museum from the brief history of Libya.

Libya has a rich history that is confirmed by its famous historical monuments. The territory of Libya was populated in the remote antiquity. The nomadic tribes settled the Ancient Libya; the ancestors of modern Berbers were engaged in hunting and later by cattle breeding. The territory of Libya in the antiquity was subjected to foreign seizures.

The title of Tripoli, the capital of Libya, originates from the Greek word Tripolitania, which was the name of the Western part of Libya consisted of three polices: Leptis-Magna, Sabrata and Oea. The modern city Tripoli is now on the territory of the ancient Oea, one of the three polices. Leptis Magna is in the East from Tripoli and Sabrata is in the West.

Leptis Magna in due time was one of the largest ancient cities on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. This city reached of the greatest heyday at the end of the 2-d century in the period of the Roman domination. In the 7-11th centuries as the result of the Arabian seizures and gradual drift by sand the city became depopulated. But due to drift by sand the city was kept for a history. The following monuments of the Roman time were well kept: theatre, ruins of the public bath, colonnades, triumphal arch, ruins of villas decorated with mosaics. Outside the city there is the large circus and the amphitheater.

Circus (Leptis Magna, 1996)
Circus (Leptis Magna, 1996)

Ruins of Forum (Leptis Magna, 1996)
Ruins of Forum (Leptis Magna, 1996)

One more monument of the Roman period is Sabrata, which is glorified by the magnificent theatre considered as one of the most kept theatres of the Roman period.

Ruins of the theater (Sabrata, 1996)
Ruins of the theater (Sabrata, 1996)

In the teacher house where Prof. Stakhov lived together with his wife many foreign teachers from Iraq, Egypt, Lebanon lived; many of them graduated from the Soviet Universities. With some of them Prof. Stakhov established rather friend relations. The Egyptian sculptor Usama who graduated from the Fine Art Academy in Leningrad and worked at the Fine Art Faculty of the University Al Fateh made Prof. Stakhov's sculpture portrait of on memory about work in Libya.

Prof. Stakhov and the Egyptian sculptor Usama (1996)
Prof. Stakhov and the Egyptian sculptor Usama (1996)

The University Al Fateh is the leading Libyan University and this fact is underlined in its title ("Al Fateh" means the "First" in translation from the Arabian language). The Italian architects designed the University buildings and their architecture is combined finely with the Libyan nature and with special nature of the Libyan climate.

Faculty of Medicine of Al Fateh University
Faculty of Medicine of Al Fateh University

But the essential development of the Fibonacci direction was the main result of Stakhov's scientific activity in his "Libyan period". And we will tell about it on the next pages of our Museum. Follow us!