Stakhov's lecture in Vienna

In the evening of March 3 1976 at the Seminary room of the Austrian Cybernetics Society (Vienna, Schotengasse, 3) it was very populously. The famous Austrian scientists, the members of the Austrian Cybernetics and Computer Societies, the scientific collaborators of the IBM Computer Laboratory in Vienna and the representatives of the Soviet Embassy in Austria gathered in the Seminary room. The lecture "Algorithmic Measurement Theory and Foundations of Computer Arithmetic" by Soviet Professor Alexey Stakhov, the Chairman of the Information and Measurement Department of the Taganrog Radio University, was the main reason of this extraordinary meeting. However it was also the specific reasons, which are united the famous scientists in computer science and the representatives of the Soviet Embassy in the Seminary room in that period.

The publicity of Prof. Stakhov's lecture proclaimed the following:

    "Methods of number representation can be considered as the special measurement algorithms. This interpretation is the main idea of the lecture.

    The main scientific results are:
  • New scientific principle, the "Asymmetry Principle of Measurement";
  • Algorithmic measurement theory;
  • Widening the Fibonacci numbers theory;
  • Fibonacci arithmetic as the mean to increase the information reliability of computer systems".

Thus the main purpose of the lecture was to state the new measurement theory, the "Algorithmic Measurement Theory", and the "Concept of Fibonacci Computers" based on the new computer arithmetic. Just these scientific results were the main reason of interests of the Austrian computer and cybernetics scientists in Stakhov's lecture.

But the interest of the Soviet Embassy in this lecture had a political character. The point was in the fact that in March 5 1976, that is, for two days after Stakhov's lecture, the "historical" 25th Congress of the Soviet Communistic Party has to be opened in Moscow. Before of the Congress the famous West-German magazine "Spiegel" had published the very sharp paper "If Lenin knew that!". The paper was devoted to corruption in the highest echelons of the Soviet Communistic Party, the "Intellect, Honor and Conscience of our Epoch". In connection to the "Spiegel" publication the Central Committee of KPSU sent to all Soviet Embassies in the West countries the secrete memorandum to promote speeches of the Soviet artists and scientists in the West countries to decrease the negative impression of "Spiegel" publication. Stakhov's lecture was one of such political measures of the Soviet Embassy in Austria on the threshold of the 25th Congress of the Soviet Communistic Party.

Prof. Stakhov on the high scientific level delivered the lecture. The reviews of the famous Austrian scientists (President of the Austrian Cybernetics Society Prof. Trapple, Chairman of the Data Processing Institute of the Vienna Technical University Prof. Eier, and also Professor of the Statistics&Computer Science Department of Linz Johann Kepler's University Prof. Adam) testified about success of Stakhov's lecture.

Review by Prof. Eier (Vienna University of Technology)Review by Prof. Eier (Vienna University of Technology)
Review by Prof. Eier (Vienna University of Technology)

Just this lecture and positive reaction of the Austrian science to Stakhov's lecture became the main reason of development of this computer direction in the former Soviet Union. The Soviet ambassador in Austria Ivan Efremov had sent the special letter to the Soviet State Scientific Committee about Stakhov's lecture. In this letter he put forward the problem to patent Stakhov's inventions in the Fibonacci computer field abroad. The Soviet State scientific machine perceived Efremov's letter with great enthusiasm and decided to give a challenge to the West computer science basing on Stakhov's ideas. And we will tell about this dramatic period in the history of the Soviet computer science at the next pages of our Museum. Follows us!